Figueiró dos Vinhos

 

Memories of the Municipality of Figueiró dos Vinhos
Click to enlarge pictures

In 1204, D. Pedro Afonso, son of D. Afonso Henriques (1st King of Portugal), gave the first foral to Figueiró dos Vinhos, which was renovated first by D. Sancho I, then by D. Afonso II and later by D. Manuel, in 1514.

At the very heart of the town is located the Mother Church, classified as National Monument. In this deeply religious space we can find works with a great artistic value, such as S. João Baptista’s image (patron saint of the municipality) and the tomb of Ruy Mendes Vasques and his wife D.ª Violante de Sousa. In the Altar, the beautiful altarpiece representing Jesus Christ Baptism, painted by José Malhoa, give us a deep sensation of enchantment.

At the town’s Historical Centre, we can face with other patrimony values, such as the Chapel of S. Sebastião, Cruz de Ferro, Fonte das Freiras and Torre da Cadeia which was built in 1506 by demand of the municipality’s good men in order to fight against the Lords’ way of making justice – there is still today a plaque that refers to this event.

Carmo’s Convent, from the 17th century, was connected to the order of Carmelites. Classified as patrimony of public interest, it’s worth to see the baroque tiles of the Chapel de Francisca Evangelha. Its Arts’ School was at the time a very important one.

Casulo de Mestre Malhoa, was built at the end of the 19th century according to the Project of the Architect Ernest Reynaud. In this house, the painter made some of his most important works and, outside, we can admire some tile work of Rafael Bordalo Pinheiro.

Ruins of Foz de Alge’s Ancient Iron Fabrics, are located at the mouth of this water line and they are only visible during dryer weather. The most ancient decree that is acknowledged about this fabric is from 1655, by Cantanhede’s Count. At the time, he was the supervisor Francisco Dufour and there were made bullets, bombs and artillery pieces. It worked until 1759, when D. José I’s Minister – Sebastião de Carvalho e Melo, Marquês de Pombal closed it. Later, at the beginning of the 19th century, with the big leap of iron’s exploration, the fabrics were reopen in 1802 under the leadership of José Bonifácio de Andrade e Silva, this time producing other kind of products, pure iron articles. Nowadays, we can only admire their ruins next to the mouth of Ribeira de Alge.