Castanheira de Pera



The Kings’ snow…

Alto do Trevim (at 1.204m of altitude) and Santo António da Neve are the highest places of Serra da Lousã, with lots of plateaus, perfect spots to enjoy the landscape immensity and breathe the incredibly pure air.

From this place, it was collected the ice that would refresh the royal house in Lisbon, carried through a trail that reflected the hard living of the ancient Mountain’s people.

In the sunniest zone of the mountain, the municipality’s villages emerge proud and diffuse throughout the valley, following the windy trail of Ribeira de Pera that, here and there, crashes into little cascades.

Since forever, the municipality’s development is based on arts and crafts related with sheep breeding, and this was one of the determining factors for the launching of big wool fabrics that in the late 19th century turned Castanheira de Pera’s lands into the third industrial pole of the country.

However, for the last five years, Tourism has become the main economical activity responsible for the progress of the area, where the touristic complex of Praia das Rocas plays an essential role in a changing politics and in the fight against the deep problem of human ageing and desertification of this municipality. This space, built around Ribeira de Pera - taking advantage of its water resources, appears as a modern fluvial leisure zone, which recurs to high technology in order to simulate waves and to create a beach environment at 500 meters of altitude – this is used to promote the area and the space itself.

Facts about Castanheira de Pera




66,86 km²


3 733 inhab. ( 2001)

Population Density (inhab./ km²)


Civil Parishes

2 [ Castanheira de Pera and Coentral]




Pinhal Interior Norte



Old Province

Beira Litoral

Geographic Situation

Northeast: Góis
Southeast: Pedrógão Grande
West: Figueiró dos Vinhos
Northwest: Lousã

Main Water Resources

Ribeira de Pera

Foundation Year

1914, 4th July

Coat of Arms and Flag



Famous Persons

António Alves Bebiano (1831-1911) Viscount of Castanheira de Pera, greatly contributed to the local textile industry.

Professor Doutor Fernando Baeta Byssaia Barreto Rosa (1886-1974) Illustrious doctor, creator of a great social work in Beira Litoral, namely of Casa da Criança (Children’s House), Portugal dos Pequenitos, among others.

Dom Manuel Agostinho Barreto (1835-1911) Sacred Bishop of Funchal, great innovator in seminary’s education.